How to Connect 8 12V Batteries to Make 48V

To connect 8 12V batteries to create a 48V system, you should follow these steps:

(scroll down for diagrams)

  1. Arrange the batteries in two sets of four batteries each.
  2. In each set, connect the four batteries in series.
  3. Once you have two sets of four batteries connected in series, connect these sets in parallel.

Now you have a 48V system, as the batteries in series increase the voltage and the batteries in parallel increase the capacity.

Step-by-Step Connection Diagrams

Arrange the batteries in two sets of four

Separate the eight batteries and make two sets of four batteries each. Ensure the positive terminal and negative terminal are facing each other.

Create two sets of 4 12v batteries each

Connect the four batteries in series, and repeat for the two sets

If we connect batteries in series, we increase the voltage. Having four 12V batteries in series makes 48V. We repeat this for the second set.

Connect these 4 12v batteries in series repeat for set two

Connect the two sets in parallel

Now we will connect these two sets in parallel. Connecting in parallel increases the capacity (Ah) of the battery. This means that we will have a 48V battery with 200Ah capacity.

Ensure that the main positive terminal of the battery comes from battery 1, not from battery 5. If you connect the main positive to battery 5, the lower series set will work harder, resulting in unequal charging and discharging of the battery. Therefore use battery 1 as the main positive and battery 8 as the main negative.

The final configuration for 8 12V batteries making a 48v battery

You need to fuse the main positive of the battery. To find out which fuse to use, read my guide on fusing.

 If you connect batteries in series, ensure they are at the same state of charge! Always use safety goggles and insulated tools when working with batteries! 



It’s easy to make a 48V battery out of 8 12V batteries. Follow this guide, and always wear safety glasses when working with batteries.

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